Point of View

  • Inclusion and rehabilitation through Community Based Community Service

    15.12.2017
    The main purpose of the State Probation Service of Armenia is to reconcile the needs for community safety and rehabilitation of people in conflict with law. In other words probation combines punitive and restorative function in the criminal justice field. Due to severe lack of state resources the function of rehabilitation and support is seriously compromised and where possible is taken up by non-governmental sector. In particular, a considerable number of people under probation are sentenced to community service [1]. Through community service [ordered by court non-paying job performed by convicts for the benefit of the community] offenders are invited to take responsibility for past actions and repair the damage done by giving back to the community. Until recently community service as a criminal sanction was a monopoly of municipal and governmental agencies.

  • House Arrest and Electronic Monitoring in Armenia

    22.06.2017
    Among the different ways to exercise effective supervision over offenders on probation there is electronic monitoring, the application methods and conditions of which are described in the 11th Chapter of the Law on Probation. An indirect aim of the probation and new legislation reform is to reduce prison overcrowding. According to the official data, аproximately 5000 AMD is spent daily on each prisoner. According to David Balayan, the President of the Court of General Jurisdiction of Shengavit District: “Allowing offenders to remain in the community, the state can supervise them at a lower cost. Take the electronic monitoring devices allow for tracking each move of an offender. I am sure, it will result in decreasing the pre-trial detention rates. This also relates to the forthcoming adoption of the Criminal Procedure Code, which is supposed to incorporate such type of supervision as electronic monitoring and house arrest.”

  • Armenian Probation is on “Probation”

    17.05.2017
    In 1841 a US citizen and a resident of Boston, a boot-maker John Augustus attended police court to bail out a "common drunkard", whom he wanted to take under his supervision. The judge agreed. John managed to help the offender to give up drinking and change his behavior. This story became a precedent for US courts to start applying a method now called “probation”.

  • Capacity needs of the Probation Service in Armenia (Part II: Possible solutions)

    15.02.2017
    In the beginning of the new 2017 year, the first full year of the work of Probation service, there are various challenges faced by the Service, including in relation to shortage of staff and the need to recruit highly qualified staff as well as lack of capacity building on such issues as risk and needs assessment, case-management, interview skills, skills in dealing with vulnerable groups, especially with juvenile probationers

  • Capacity needs of the Probation Service in Armenia (Part I: Outlining the Problems)

    14.02.2017
    In the beginning of the new 2017 year, the first full year of the work of Probation service, there are various challenges faced by the Service, including in relation to shortage of staff and the need to recruit highly qualified staff as well as lack of capacity building on such issues as risk and needs assessment, case-management, interview skills, skills in dealing with vulnerable groups, especially with juvenile probationers, etc. The present paper presents a brief compilation of issues raised by the participants of the events organized by CSI and dedicated to the establishment of the Probation Service in Armenia, as well as recommendations proposed by them.

  • Rehabilitation programmes for probationers

    14.02.2017
    Recently as a result of round tables and workshops, the Civil Society Institute gathered various views of the representatives of relevant public institutions, civil society organizations as well as international organizations on the current capacity of the Service to carry out its functions and the need to ensure cooperation, especially in the area of rehabilitation programmes to probationers.

  • CSI’s recommendations in order to improve the competitiveness of offenders in the labor market

    21.01.2017
    The scope of work needed for the actual transition from punitive to restorative justice system is tremendous and requires a great input on the part of all possible stakeholders, state bodies, civil society sector and international organizations. With this perspective in mind, the following recommendations on the employment and education of offenders are therefore made by Civil Society Institute NGO.

  • Factors that limit employment and earnings among offenders

    17.01.2017
    Persons with criminal past continue to suffer labor market discrimination at the hiring stage. Part of this problems is connected with personal characteristics of offenders, their behavior, experience and motivation, and the other part stemming from the stereotypes related exclusively to their offender status.

  • Rehabilitation of offenders through employment and educational opportunities: situation in Armenia

    12.01.2017
    Because of the lack of necessary needs assessment system and respective rehabilitation programs, the overwhelming majority of inmates do not have any occupation for years, around 96% of those inmates who are eligible for parole are currently denied early conditional release and it is hard to evaluate any progress made in terms of enforcement of sentence and rehabilitation of prisoners.

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